Nov 192013

Welcome to the World of Hands on Science
“The Citizen Scientists League promotes responsible scientific observation, experimentation,
discovery, and invention. We encourage active participation, networking and publishing
by science enthusiasts at all levels of education and experience.”

 Posted by at 9:52 am
Nov 152013


The Arduino is an amazing platform for all kinds of projects, but when it comes to generating sound, many users struggle to get beyond simple beeps.

 Posted by at 7:58 am
Nov 082013



The Binary System

To better explain the bitwise operators, this tutorial will express most integer values using binary notation, also known as base two. In this system, all integer values use only the values 0 and 1 for each digit. This is how virtually all modern computers store data internally. Each 0 or 1 digit is called a bit, short for binary digit.

In the familiar decimal system (base ten), a number like 572 means 5*102 + 7*101 + 2*100. Likewise, in binary a number like 11010 means 1*24 + 1*23 + 0*22 + 1*21 + 0*20 = 16 + 8 + 2 = 26.

 Posted by at 6:38 pm
Nov 052013

Astronomy Picture of the Day

Discover the cosmos! Each day a different image or photograph of our fascinating universe is featured, along with a brief explanation written by a professional astronomer.

2013 September 7
See Explanation.
Moving the cursor over the image will bring up an annotated version.
Clicking on the image will bring up the highest resolution version

Night in the Andes Ice Forest
Image Credit & Copyright: Babak Tafreshi (TWAN)
Explanation: This forest of snow and ice penitentes reflects moonlight shining across the Chajnantor plateau. The region lies in the Chilean Andes at an altitude of 5,000 meters, not far from one of planet Earth’s major astronomical observatories, the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array. Up to several meters high, the flattened, sharp-edged shapes, and orientation of the penitentes tend to minimize their shadows at local noon. In the dry, cold, thin atmosphere, sublimation driven by sunlight is important for their formation. A direct transition from a solid to a gaseous state, sublimation shapes other solar system terrains too, like icy surfaces of comets and the polar caps of Mars. Above the dreamlike landscape stretches the southern night sky. Their own forms rooted in myth, look for the constellations Pegasus, Andromeda, and Perseus near the panorama’s left edge. Bright and colorful stars of Orion the Hunter are near center, with the Large Magellanic Cloud and the South Celestial Pole on the far right.


Tomorrow’s picture: menacing cloud 

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 Posted by at 7:53 pm
Nov 022013

Forever 15


Ilana Panich-Linsman still recalls being an awkward 15-year-old in western Massachusetts, leading a fairly innocent life with a few brainy friends.

Which may explain why one winter night eight years later, she stopped outside a Brooklyn pizza parlor and stared at three 15-year-old girls talking animatedly inside. They seemed much more self-confident than she had ever been at that age. Like a different species.


 Posted by at 10:55 am